The term “Cybersecurity” refers to any security measure made available to fight against electronic (hardware and software) attacks such as cyber-warfare, cyber-theft, invasion of privacy, fraud etc. It is also known as computer security. The elements of cybersecurity are crucial to everything from banking to trading, farming, education, health etc.
Why is Cybersecurity crucial to all sectors?
With the surge in technological knowledge, most businesses cannot afford to be ignorant of the need to protect their data from cyber-attacks because it can leave them financially ruined. Moreso, as hackers have continued to target the increasing valuable organization data. The main purpose of Cybersecurity has shifted from protecting network infrastructure to identity management control.
What are the Elements of Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity can be broken down into many sections which are crucial for the success of securing any business cyber program. Some of them include the following and are described below:
INFORMATION/ DATA SECURITY
Data security is concerned with the protection of all data i.e customers ,clients and company’s data. Cybersecurity companies put basic rules in place to cater for how data is encrypted when needed and protected from breach. It includes privacy settings, VPN etc.
This security protects all shared resources , large database, computer services , and information provided to computers and other gadgets over the internet. It protects all backups and storage done by the internet.
END-USER/ END-POINT SECURITY
End-point security is related to protection of all devices that users work with including the users. It is necessary because most cybercrime starts with a spoofing email. Types of end-user protection include: antivirus, anti-malware programs, password protected screen locks and device update.
This security is about protecting software applications and keeping them immune to cyber-threats. It has a close relation to cloud security.
DISASTER RECOVERY/ BUSINESS CONTINUITY PROGRAM
From the word disaster recovery, you will understand that this helps the business to recover from an already breached system. It prevents the business from being totally vandalized from an attack. Back ups and recovery system are examples of this.
Operational security ensures that all the security put in place are done to expectation and none of it is incompatible.
NETWORK /PHYSICAL SECURITY
Network security is associated with protection of the physical network and all gadgets connected with it. It is intended to allow only authorized users have access to the network while simultaneously watching against suspicious behaviour that can stand as threats.
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECURITY
Critical infrastructure security is also in relation with end-user security and disaster recovery. These are additional and extremely important installations needed to increase Cybersecurity.
Find out the basics of Cybersecurity here
TYPES OF CYBERSECURITY THREATS
A cyber threat is the deliberate exploitation of vulnerability to breach security. Among the many types of cyber threat are;
1. Phishing: this threat is towards financial transactions on insecure internet gadgets. It can be in the form of an attempt to access unauthorized usage of data by a hacker. Here, hackers easily get access to users’ finances by using phony emails, links or attachments to force employees to provide personal information it leads to ransomware attacks.
2. Malware: this is a designed software to operate in a malicious way. For example is the computer virus : it transmits itself between computers via networks or removable storage such as disks etc and ransomware, which encrypts data and demands for ransom to be paid to a scammer to decrypt it.
3. Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) attacks: this is one of the greatest threats to cyberspace. It blocks users from accessing websites and other e-commerce stores.
4. Denial of Service (DOS): it is a deliberately harmful attempt to attack the accessibility of a system to its genuine end-point users. The difference between it and Distributed Denial of Service is that cyber attackers use numerous controlled sources to create large data-packets.
MERITS OF CYBERSECURITY TO ALL BUSINESS
∆ It prevents the unauthorized usage of the organization’s information.
∆ It protects the organization against cybercrime and theft.
∆ It protects end-point and end-users’ devices.
∆ It aids the continuity/ lifespan of the business.
∆ It boosts its reputation while increasing its customers and employees trust on it.
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