A-Z Tech Terms

by Atinuke Naomi
4 mins read

There are times we come across words that look like regular words but as we read on, we realise the meaning we know doesn’t fit into the context. The words listed here are some of the words you might come across as you go through tech-related content, ranging from videos to podcasts to articles. They are listed this way to help you learn different tech terms in alphabetical order.

AI (Artificial Intelligence): This is the ability of a digitalized machine to perform tasks associated with intelligent beings.

Blockchain: It is a form of database, to store data in blocks of information connected in a permanent chain. It is like a ledger with built-in security and a non-editable history.

Cookie: it is a small amount of data saved to your web browser that is generated by a website you visit. This is to enable the website to remember you when next you visit. It also keeps track of sites you explore.

Database: it is an organized collection of data or structured information to make it easily accessible when needed.

Embedded system: it is a combination of the hardware and software of a computer designed specially to perform a particular function.

Font: This includes the typeface, weight, size, colour, and design as a graphical representation of a text.

GIF (Graphics interchange format): it is a format used to compress images and short animations without losing their quality,

Hypervisor: This is a program used to control virtual machines on a computer.

IoT (Internet of things): This is the computerisation of our everyday objects, in other to receive and send data. A smart home is an example.

Jailbreak: This means removing restrictions placed on a device by the manufacturer

Kernel: This is the core part of a computer operating system that manages the system’s resources and the communication between hardware and software components.

LAN (Local Area Network): This is a network that connects other devices in one circumscribed location.

Machine learning: This is a part of AI that enables systems to improve based on data by using an algorithm and statistical models.

Nanotechnology: a type of technology where design, properties, production, and application of systems are utilized from a phenomenon that is measured on a nanometer scale. Read more about it here.

Operating system: This is software that acts as the intermediary between users and computer hardware components.

Programming language: This is any set of rules, commands, and other syntaxes used to create a software program.

Query: This means a specific request for information or data from a database.

Resolution: This measures the number of pixels in a digital image, which in turn describes the sharpness and clarity of the image.

SQL (Structured Query Language): This is a programming language used to manage, retrieve, store and manipulate data within the database management system. Read more about it here.

Trojan Horse: It is the name of a computer virus. A type of software that appears harmless when in fact, there is a malicious code hidden within it.

URL (Unique Resource Locator): URL is similar to a house address; it points to where a particular website is located on the internet.

VPN (Virtual Private Networking): VPN affords users the establishment of a protected network connection when using public networks. It helps protect online connections and privacy.

WWW: It means World wide web. This refers to all the websites around the globe users can have access to on their devices through the internet.

XHTML: It means Extensive Hyper Text Markup Language. According to Wikipedia, it is the extension of versions of HTML, which means Hyper Text Markup Language and a part of the HML family. It is said that XHTML documents are well-formed and may be parsed using XML parsers.

Yottabyte: This is used to describe the size of data. One yottabyte is approximately one million trillion megabytes.

Zip: It is a data compression format. Files that are compressed in this format are called Zip files and they end with a .zip extension. This type of compression does nothing to the quality of the files other than to compress the volume, thereby taking less storage space on the hard disk and when transferring them across the internet.

 

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